THETIS-MRV New CO2 emission monitoring and reporting system
Maritime transport emits around 1000 million tonnes of CO2 annually and is responsible for about 2.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Shipping emissions are predicted to increase between 50% and 250% by 2050 – depending on future economic and energy developments. Therefore, the EU has committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping. As a first step, from 2018 large ships using EU ports will be required to report their verified annual emissions and other relevant information.
Extending the possibilities of the original THETIS information system, the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) designed a purpose-built system for the monitoring and reporting of verified data on CO2 emissions, annual fuel consumption, and other energy efficiency parameters by the European Commission's Directorate General for Climate Action. A four-year cooperation agreement between the two parties was signed in March 2016, mapping out the delivery of cost-efficient services based on the use of existing infrastructure and supporting arrangements, as well as proven concepts and expertise.
The new THETIS-MRV system enables companies responsible for the operation of large ships using EU ports to report their CO2 emissions, as required by law from 1st January 2018, under the EU's Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Regulation.
Through this web-based application all relevant parties foreseen by the Regulation can fulfil their monitoring and reporting obligations in a centralized and harmonised way. According to the European Commission, by making the emissions data publicly available, as well as updating it on a yearly basis, ship-owners and operators will be encouraged to uptake greenhouse gas emission-reduction measures.
THETIS-MRV includes a mandatory and a voluntary module; thereby, the system enables companies to work together with accredited verifiers to prepare monitoring plans in a voluntary module and, importantly, to release emission reports and documents of compliance to the European Commission and relevant flag state authorities using the mandatory module. Using the information submitted, the European Commission will publish annual aggregated data per ship covering fuel consumption, CO2 emissions and average energy efficiency indicators, among others.
In order to maximise the impact of the regulation and minimise the administrative burden on shipping companies and operators, the rules apply only to ships above 5000 GT which account for around 55% of ships calling at EU ports and yet represent around 90% of the total share of related emissions. Several consultations took place to ensure that the views of a broad range of technical experts, including NGOs and industry, were taken into account for the development of the system.
The system is available from 7 August 2017.
More information is available here.