Freight Transport Statistics
The European Union puts a special focus on transport policy, since with the support of transport the EU wants to generate growth, create jobs, innovate and connect people. In practice, the EU adopted a new transport infrastructure policy by 2014 which connects the continent and narrows the gaps between Member States’ transport networks. Nevertheless, there is still a lot of space for action.
According to the latest report of Eurostat (April 2017), the relatively fast growth of freight transport across the EU might be explained with the rapid increase in global trade and the deepening integration of an enlarged EU. Moreover, the range of economic practices (including the concentration of production in fewer sites to reap economies of scale, delocalisation, and just-in-time deliveries) had an impact on this growth. However, due to governance issues, constraints over technical standards and different strains on transport infrastructure, the developments within the EU’s freight transport sector may slow down.
Taking the Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries (here the term refers to Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and Sweden) in view, the split of inland freight transport in 2014 shows that there is only a small difference between these countries: most of the freight carries by road, the second most important mode is the rail and the inland waterways are minimal.
Comparing with the situation in 2004, Slovenia and Hungary recorded the greatest increases in inland freight transport relative to GDP, with their respective indices more than 40% higher in 2014 than 10 years earlier. The rate of change in inland freight transport was around one third higher than the overall growth in economic activity during the period 2004–2014 in Poland. By contrast, the ratio of inland freight transport to GDP fell in Sweden (7%), Croatia (3%), Czech Republic (8%) and Slovakia (0.5%).
For more details please consult with our summary on the latest Eurostat Fraight Transport Statistics (April 2017) available here (Freight Transport Statistics "Expertise and analysis" folder)